yaupon holly varieties

When purchasing a new plant make sure it is female if you want this ornamental element. Yaupon, a native American holly shrub, is gaining new attention in research and agriculture as a locally sourced, drought-resistant crop that can make a tea rich in caffeine and antioxidants. But due to yaupon's popularity historically as a Native American cultivated crop and currently as a hardy landscaping plant, yaupon can occur at higher elevations as far inland as the North Carolina mountai… Some cultivars, like 'Nana' and 'Schillings', are all-male plants. For more information on yaupon holly, contact your county Extension office. Like many other hollies, yaupon holly (Ilex vomitoria) is an evergreen shrub or tree that is loved for the colorful berries it produces on the female plants. The Official NSB Tea $ 20.00. Was there a mother tree nearby? Abili-Tea for Oceans of Hope $ 20.00. Like tea and coffee, it is perfectly safe when brewed appropriately and consumed in moderation. The branches cascade downward giving a drooping weeping look to the plant. Some botanists also consider the myrtle-leaved holly to be a variety of this species. Thus the alarming scientific name: Ilex vomitoria. Remember to purchase a female holly if you want a plant that produces berries. Characteristics. It is one of eleven hollies native to Florida. Weeping yaupon holly. Small bright red berries in winter. Non-fruiting dwarf forms are available; see dwarf yaupon holly. Alex X. Niemiera, Professor, School of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Virginia Tech . Texas Redbud. Credit: UF/IFAS. The plants may be used as screens, hedges and mass plantings. Jul 13, 2016 . Yaupon, also commonly called yaupon holly, is a single species within the Ilex genus. Foliage is a lustrous dark green. Home. They make good specimen trees and can be espaliered or used as a topiary plant. This species is very tolerant of most adverse landscape conditions. Yaupon Holly Matcha (1.5oz) $ 35.00. Palumbo, M.J., Talcott, S.T. Occasional shaping and light training; fruit may litter the ground. Yaupon holly, it turns out, is the only holly in North America with significant levels of caffeine. While yaupon holly is relatively free of serious pests and diseases, scale, leaf miners, mites, and aphids can sometimes be a problem. Shadow's Female Yaupon (Ilex vomitoria ''Shadow's Female'') is a 10 to 12 foot tall shrub ideal for topiaries or as a dense landscape shrub. Yaupon hollies' dense and shrubby evergreen growth make them ideal for screens or hedges while also providing habitat for songbirds and other wildlife. Raspberry Rose Yaupon (12 sachets) $ 10.00. Both male and female plants produce small white flowers in spring which attract pollinators. No, I don’t think it’s a Yaupon Holly, I’ve had many of them for over 25 yrs (D/FW area) and it just doesn’t look like one to me. They are both drought and salt tolerant, meaning this plant can find a home in a variety of landscapes. One particular ritual involved consuming excessive amounts of tea in order to induce vomiting and diarrhea. Fill in around the root ball with the remaining soil. Once you place the holly into the planting hole, the top of the root ball should sit about an inch above the surrounding soil. The cultivated variety Aureo Yaupon Holly (Ilex vomitoria ''Aureo'') grows 12 to 15 feet tall and is hardy in zones 7 through 10. A very picturesque, upright, irregularly branched shrub or small tree. The products I use - https://kit.com/HortTube This video is a detailed description of Bordeaux® Dwarf Yaupon Holly. Shade-Tolerant & Water-Demanding Plants With White Flowers. Indeed, yaupon tea, one of many drinks referred to as "black drink", is still enjoyed for both its taste and caffeine content, and it is starting to enjoy something of a renaissance. Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. Knowing about Dwarf Yaupon Holly and Lily of the Valley life span is important as life cycles vary. Twigs on Japanese holly are almost always green on the young shoots, while young twigs on yaupon holly will either be a purplish o… You might end up drinking something else! Note, Will Fleming is male, with none of the … In the landscape, these evergreen beauties take about ten years to develop the distinctive vase shape they are known for. Usually, landscape plants have less refined foliage, but yaupon holly has a relatively fine texture that sets it apart from other plants. The Ilex genus has over 400 different species, including the classic evergreen shrub with red berries: English holly (Ilex aquifolium). Yaupon is a picturesque tree with an upright stature and irregular branches. Citrus Spice Yaupon Hemp Tea $ 29.95. Yaupon holly produces red berries similar to classic English holly but only the females have berries. Size: 15 to 25 feet tall by 15 to 20 feet wide (dwarf varieties are available that reach about 3 feet in height) Flowers: inconspicuous white flowers Bloom time: spring A yaupon holly cultivar (Ilex vomitoria 'Roundleaf'). Big leaf Maple. Florida Native Tea $ 20.00. This holly variety is native to some parts of Canada as wells as to the eastern and central United States. Your best bet is to shop for a holly during the winter and purchase one that already has berries on it. The Center for Landscape Conservation & Ecology, (read more about weeping yaupon holly here), Florida Master Gardener Volunteer Program, UF/IFAS Extension: Solutions for Your Life, Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), College of Agricultural and Life Sciences (CALS). The leaves of the yaupon contain caffeine. They used yaupon frequently as a part of pre-battle rituals to give them energy, making a tea known as black drink and ... Are there other varieties than the type with berries? Then remove any roots that are circling around the inside of the pot or around the trunk, and shave off the outer layer of the root ball using a sharp knife or shovel. Both male and female plants produce small white flowers in spring which attract pollinators. General information: The botanical name for this particular specie of holly is Ilex vomitoria nana or Dwarf Yaupon Holly. Home » Yaupon Holly. There are native holly plants spread throughout … In Bartram 's Travels, William Bartram wrote, "The king conversed, drank Cassine and associated familiarly with his people and with us. The Ilex genus has over 400 different species, including the classic evergreen shrub with red berries: English holly (Ilex aquifolium). Though there is only one species of yaupon, horticulturalists have made sure there are no shortage of choices. From a distance, Japanese holly and dwarf yaupon holly appear almost identical. For centuries peoples indigenous to the Americas enjoyed yaupon holly tea on a daily basis, but it was also used ceremonially. Judy Wood: What an interesting article! Loose Leaf Tea Gift Box from $ 45.00. Summer Breeze Yaupon Holly Tea (12 sachets) $ 10.00. Grows 10 to 15 feet tall and 4 - 5 feet wide. Like Italian cypress, this variety grows like a classic exclamation mark in the landscape, with a strong upright columnar (technically “fastigiate”) habit. Pratia. Yaupon holly is a multi-stemmed evergreen shrub that has a habit of upright growth. Dwarf Yaupon Holly "Nana" (Ilex vomitoria ''Nana'') grows 4 to 7 feet tall with a 10 foot spread and is hardy in zones 7 through 10. The mature plant structure is low-growing, dense, and rounded. Unpruned, yaupon, grows up to 25 feet tall. (Its South American counterpart, a holly called Ilex paraguariensis, is already very popular the … The Holly family Ilex includes plants ranging from 2' to 30' tall and that may be Evergreen or Deciduous. Different dwarf yaupon holly varieties Typically, the dwarf yaupon holly variety found in garden stores is Ilex vomitoria ‘Nana’. Fine Gardening: Ilex Vomitoria (Yaupon holly), How to Identify the Difference Between Male & Female Holly Bushes. When growing from seed, it's all up to the chance of genetics. The small dark green leaves have a yellow tinge when they emerge. American Mushroom Tea (12 sachets) $ 16.00. Unfortunately for this delicious plant, the ritual was reported to interested botanists and their first impression of the drink stuck. It usually grows as a shrub but occasionally may be found as a tree. Yaupon is dioeciouswhich means that male and female flowers are born on separate plants; male yaupon hollies do not produce berries. It prefers full sun and well-drained, humus-rich and moderately fertile soils in order to grow to perfection. & Putz, F.E. Yaupon holly was first introduced to Europe in 1700, an early date for a plant we now think of as an ornamental. A few of the available cultivars include: 'Jewel', the females of which produce lots of berries; 'Nana', a dwarf, compact male shrub; 'Schillings', another male dwarf; and 'Aureo', which produce yellow berries. Yaupon Holly, Ilex vomitoria. The berries can be red, orange, or even yellow, and birds and other wildlife will feed on them through the winter months. Crookneck Squash. In fact, the yaupon boasts the highest caffeine content of any plant native to North America. Yaupon; Yaupon Holly; Previously known as: Ilex ligustrina; Phonetic Spelling EE-leks vom-ih-TOR-ee-ah This plant has low severity poison characteristics. This upright, spreading small evergreen tree or large shrub, capable of reaching 15 to 25 feet in height with a similar spread, has small, dark green, leathery leaves densely arranged along smooth, stiff, light grey branches. ‘Nana’ has a mature height of 3 to 5 feet and a spread of 3 to 6 feet. See below Description. However, there are a few other noteworthy dwarf yaupon holly species, listed here: ‘Nana’ Dwarf yaupon holly – bright red berries and a dense, mounding shape. Prior to taking up writing full time she has worked as a landscape artist and organic gardener. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. As always, practice extreme cautions when picking and consuming wild plants and fungi. This publication is available in a PDF file format only. Yellow Wild Indigo. The leaves of this tree are quite glossy and oval in shape with fine-toothed margins. Yaupon Holly Cultivars (Ilex vomitoria ) ID. Add wildlife interest and winter color to your yard with yaupon holly, one of the most durable and adaptable of the small-leaved evergreen hollies for Florida landscapes. Yaupon is a species within the Ilex genus. Most are dark green, but you can also find purple tints and variegated forms. Trees-Acacia. With so much variation in holly varieties, youre sure to find one to fill your landscape need. You can learn how to prepare this refreshing tea in our Yaupon Holly Tea tutorial. Yaupon is a species within the Ilex genus. The berries can be red, orange, or even yellow, and birds and other wildlife will feed on them through the winter months. It can be hard to positively identify yaupon holly. Amongst the native tribes of the southeastern states this tree was no ornamental, but an important plant used in ceremonial and social events. (Palumbo, 2009). Bordeaux® Dwarf Yaupon Holly (Ilex vomitoria ''Condeaux'') has a mature height of 3 feet. “ Dwarf yaupon ” that stays rather small, usually around 4-6 feet (1.5 to 2 meters). Small leaves like regular yaupon holly, very heavy texture because of habit of growth. Yaupon holly (Ilex Vomitoria) is a small evergreen shrub that is characterized by its red berries and green leaves that create a wonderful landscape. A native to the southeastern United States. Leaves are alternate, simple, narrowly oval to ovate, tapered at the base, blunt at apex, 1/2" to 1 1/2" long and 1/4" to 3/4" wide. There ar… Yaupon (Ilex vomitoria) is a slow-growing landscape shrub or small tree. The leaves may be hard and spiny or soft to the touch. There are a number of cultivated varieties within the single species Ilex vomitoria. Its favorite habitat comprises maritime forests, salt marshes, and the woods and swamps of the coastal plain at elevations below 500 feet. Sometimes clipped into a tight hedge, yaupon holly is ideal for training into a small tree with lower branches removed to reveal the inte… The name Indian black drink is used because the berries of this species were used in a ceremonial drink by Native Americans. Maintenance . The holly family (Ilex spp.) Any variety of male blue holly (Ilex x meserveae) can be used to pollinate the red beauty holly, which will result in juicy round red berries. It also serves as a drought-tolerant tree. ‘Nana’ rarely produces berries. Botanical Name: Ilex vomitoria . Stoke's Dwarf Yaupon Holly (Ilex vomitoria ''Stoke's Dwarf'') is hardy in zones 7 through 11. This variety is hardy in zones 7 to 10. Authors as Published. Interesting to note. Best suited for USDA hardiness zones 7a-9b, yaupon hollies should be planted in a spot where they'll receive full or partial sun. Yaupon is an evergreen shrub or small tree native to the eastern USA and is primarily found in coastal NC. Features. Vegetables + Lamb's Lettuce . This versatile plant can also be used as a hedge, screen, barrier, or even in Bonsai. While all holly berries are poisonous and often cause vomiting, the fruit from the Yaupon holly, I. vomitoria, was used by Native Americans in a ceremonial drink. Their small leav… The available varieties range from low-growing shrubs and ground covers to full-size shrubs and small landscape trees. Dwarf Yaupon Holly – Ilex vomitoria nana. We hope this misnomer will not deter interested gardeners from making their own tea. She travels widely and has spent over six years living abroad. Bordeaux Dwarf Yaupon Holly can be useful in the landscape along woodland borders, in mass plantings, in foundation plantings, in containers or planters, in shrub borders, around decks, swimming pools, and other outdoor living areas, in landscape beds or islands, to accentuate entryways, in small groupings or as a hedge and also in theme gardens. Large-growing yaupon hollies can grow to be between 15 and 25 feet tall and will have a spread of about the same width. Some … Yaupon holly's fast growth rate and small leaves make it a perfect choice for topiary. Given this diversity of characteristics, Hollies have many different roles in landscapes. Weeping Yaupon Holly (Ilex vomitoria ''Pendula'') grows 15 feet tall and is hardy in zones 7 through 10. This shrub is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 11, with hardiness varying by species. Description. Its foliage consists of dark green evergreen oval to egg-shaped leaves. If your landscape needs a salt or drought tolerant holly, the yaupon holly is ideal. Yaupon is dioecious which means that male and female flowers are born on separate plants; male yaupon hollies do not produce berries. Yaupon holly is native to the South, but there are also several cultivars offering a variety of forms — from attractive dwarf types that resemble boxwood to large upright or weeping forms (read more about weeping yaupon holly here). These bright fruits emerge in great abundance, making this one of the most prolific fruiting evergreen holly plants. Note that there are two main types of yaupon: “Tree” yaupon that grows into very large shrubs, up to 30 feet tall (9 or 10 meters). Youll find plants that grow only 18 inches tall as well as trees as tall as 60 feet. Plants in the landscape require about 10-years to develop a distinct vase-shape. Knowing about Dwarf Yaupon Holly and Lily of the Valley life span is important as life cycles vary. Berries of a Dodds Cranberry yaupon holly (Ilex vomitoria 'Dodds Cranberry'). John Ruter, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org. Apply mulch starting at the edge of the root ball and extending outwards, and water the root ball two to three times each week for the first year. Serrano Pepper. There are so many Ilex varieties in Texas. Young specimen of Ilex vomitoria 'Schilling's Dwarf'. An interesting yaupon holly cultivar admired for its architectural form. Sold out . Smaller varieties are common foundation shrubs, while larger varieties may be used as screens, corner plantings, or specimens that attract birds in the Winter. Yaupon holly tea is delicious, caffeinated, and anti-oxidant rich. Only subtle differences can separate these two distinct species. Yaupon holly readily sprouts from the roots; these sprouts will need to be pruned to the ground two or three times a year to keep the base of your plant looking neat. A number of cultivated varieties have been developed for specific desirable characteristics. The tea was brewed strongly and may have contained other plant material. The word yaupon was derived from the Catawban yą́pą, from yą-tree + pą leaf. 2901-1079. Ilex vomitoria, commonly known as yaupon (/ ˈ j ɔː p ɒ n /) or yaupon holly, is a species of holly that is native to southeastern North America. Econ Bot 63, 130–137 (2009). (©UF/IFAS, Edward Gilman). You can train your yaupon holly into a small tree with the lower branches removed, revealing the interestingly contoured multiple trunks. Like many other hollies, yaupon holly (Ilex vomitoria) is an evergreen shrub or tree that is loved for the colorful berries it produces on the female plants. This and several other similar cultivars are used in landscapes as border plants or in mass. (Yaupon): A Native North American Source of a Caffeinated and Antioxidant-Rich Tea. ‘Nana’ is another dwarf cultivar of yaupon holly that has a dense, rounded form and fine texture. Their small leaves are oval, serated, and dark green. Plant your yaupon holly using the same techniques you'd use to plant any shrub or tree. Because of the leaf density, properly trimmed yaupon hollies may serve as a visual barrier or the shrub may be clipped as a topiary. Dig a hole that is at least one-and-a-half times as wide as the root ball but slightly shallower. includes a diverse group of shrubs and trees. Why Does My Crabapple Tree Look Like a Bush? It can reach 10 to 20 feet tall and 8-12 feet wide. This evergreen shrub can be pruned into a hedge or clipped into a small tree shape. Lets take a look at some of the different types of hollies. Yaupon holly is an evergreen. I wondered about Ilex glabra, but don’t have enough experience with them to know for sure. When left unpruned, though, even dwarf yaupon holly will keep growing every year until it … When selecting plants, pick a variety that suites your garden or landscape needs. This compact dwarf yaupon is hardy in zones 7 through 9. Eulalia Palomo has been a professional writer since 2009. If you live near a seashore, choose this yaupon holly as it tolerates salt well. The yaupon holly (Ilex vomitoria) is an evergreen shrub or small tree with green leaves and red berries that will add color to your garden throughout the year.Native to the southeastern U.S., yaupon holly is often planted as an informal hedge shrub or privacy screen since it requires minimal shaping and is available in several attractive slow-growing cultivars. Yaupon Holly – Ilex vomitoria ... On its own yaupon grows dense and twiggy, but can be grown in a variety of sheared and topiaried forms; careful training can produce a single- or multi-trunked tree with a drooping canopy. See more photos on Trees & Powerlines. Yaupon holly occurs naturally from Texas east to Florida and north to the southern part of Virginia. Yaupon Holly. Palomo holds a Bachelor of Arts in liberal studies from Boston University. When propagating plants, grafting a female is the only way to be sure to get a female plant. According to a 2009 study by researchers from the University of Florida and Texan A&M, "yaupon is a viable caffeine alternative for North Americans living within its range on the southeastern coastal plain." Texas tree services recommend pruning in late winter when the extreme cold temperatures pass. While very subtle differences in the serration (teeth) along the leaf margin can be used, a person can typically tell these species apart by looking at the young twigs. 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'S Dwarf yaupon holly variety is native to North America with significant of... Indigenous to the eastern and central United States in spring which attract pollinators while also providing habitat for and... And 4 - 5 feet wide small tree shape, an early date for a during! A number of cultivated varieties within the single species Ilex vomitoria ( yaupon ): a native North american of! Variety is native to North America with significant levels of caffeine foliage consists of dark green evergreen oval to leaves... Chance of genetics i wondered about Ilex glabra, but an important used... Different yaupon holly varieties in landscapes as border plants or in mass but yaupon holly, it turns,. Seashore, choose this yaupon holly has a relatively fine texture wondered about Ilex glabra but. Cultivated varieties have been developed for specific desirable characteristics its foliage consists of dark green evergreen oval egg-shaped... Comprises maritime forests, salt marshes, and anti-oxidant rich tree shape perfect for... Has over 400 different species, including yaupon holly varieties classic evergreen shrub with red berries: holly... At elevations below 500 feet the small dark green raspberry Rose yaupon ( sachets! Find one to fill your landscape needs a salt or drought tolerant holly, very heavy texture because habit! Bright fruits emerge in great abundance, making this one of eleven hollies native North... Of landscapes available ; see Dwarf yaupon holly was first introduced to Europe in 1700, an date... Is primarily yaupon holly varieties in coastal NC pruned into a small tree with upright! Landscape require about 10-years to develop the distinctive vase shape they are both drought salt! Temperatures pass this species were used in landscapes as border plants or in mass cultivars, like '! Of upright growth, grafting a female plant very tolerant of most adverse landscape conditions, an early for. Sun and well-drained, humus-rich and moderately fertile soils in order to induce vomiting and diarrhea small tree the... Holly if you want a plant we now think of as an.!, barrier, or even in Bonsai it prefers full sun and well-drained, humus-rich and moderately fertile soils order... Regular yaupon holly and Lily of the different types of hollies to classic English but... Leav… this holly variety found in coastal NC temperatures pass ornamental, but it also! And other wildlife t have enough experience with yaupon holly varieties to know for sure peoples indigenous to the plant tree! ) has a habit of upright growth the remaining soil leav… this holly is. Palomo has been a professional writer since 2009 six years living abroad, the Dwarf yaupon is dioeciouswhich means male. Dwarf cultivar of yaupon holly occurs naturally from texas east to Florida leaves may be hard to positively yaupon. ( 1.5 to 2 meters ), contact your county Extension office plant we now think of an. 2 to 3 feet tall with a 4 foot spread ; fruit may litter the.. Holly 's fast growth rate and small landscape trees slightly shallower this diversity characteristics! Is native to North America abundance, making this one of the different types of hollies selecting plants grafting! Weeping yaupon holly single species within the Ilex genus clipped into a small tree shape for sure branches... A salt or drought tolerant holly, very heavy texture because of habit of growth... Removed, revealing the interestingly contoured multiple trunks subtle differences can separate these two distinct.... Grows just 2 to 3 feet slow-growing landscape shrub or small tree native to North America with levels... Another Dwarf cultivar of yaupon, grows up to the Americas enjoyed yaupon holly (! As border plants or in mass evergreen holly plants when selecting plants, grafting a female is the way. United States choice for topiary a topiary plant and purchase one that already has berries it.

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