indirect object pronouns, french examples

Me and te change to m' and t', respectively, in front of a vowel or mute H. When deciding between direct and indirect objects, the general rule is that if the person or thing is preceded by the preposition à or pour, that person/thing is an indirect object. … Il doit s'habituer à moi. + The first and second plural indirect object pronouns are identical to the first and second person direct o… (He broke the vase.) John is the subject. Wrong: xx Fais-lui attention xx   Il faut penser à tes responsabilités - Il faut penser à cela, Il faut y penser. To replace those types of objects, you now need the indirect object pronoun, or IOP. To Pierre. … On the previous pages, we looked at how to say him, her, it and them in French.We used what are sometimes called direct object pronouns: le, la and les.. In this grammar lesson you will learn how to position object pronouns in compound tenses. It is always placedbefore the verb. Here are some common ones with their English equivalents. Nous posons des questions au (à + le) professeur. To facilitate in every way possible, we’ve listed some of the most common verbs that … Fais attention à ton prof - Fais attention à lui. Now we’ll look at some example sentences where an indirect object pronoun comes before a direct object pronoun. (In this case, we cannot replace the “bureau” with an object pronoun.) – We bought it for our office. I gave the book to my brother - I gave him the book. Je parle à tes enfants. Like … J’ai une copine.I have a girlfriend. How to Position Object Pronouns in French [+11 Examples… Contracted forms: m’ and t’, for use in front of a vowel or h muet 3. Direct objects can be replaced by direct object pronouns (me, te, le, la, nous, vous, les), which will agree in number and gender with the noun they replace. Elle l… It answers to the question: 1. Pay attention to your teacher - Pay attention to him. Even without a Juan, le still indicates to whom the direct object ( la pelota) is thrown. annoncer à quelqu’un (to announce to someone), donner à quelqu’un (to give to someone), faire la bise à quelqu’un (to kiss someone [on the cheek]), parler à quelqu’un (to talk to someone), poser des questions à quelqu’un (to ask someone questions), prêter à quelqu’un (to lend to someone), rendre visite à quelqu’un (to pay a visit to someone), ressembler à quelqu’un (to look like someone), téléphoner à quelqu’un (to call someone). An indirect object pronoun is used in the place of the indirect object of a verb. Start Here. Véronique Mazet has a doctorate in French from the University of Texas at Austin and is the author of two successful grammar books. An indirect object, which goes by the French name complément d'objet indirect, (COI), is an object in a sentence affected by the action of the transitive verb. To whom am I talking? Il parle à toi et à moi - Il nous parle. In Emilie's sentence, the word te is an indirect object pronoun. Alex is the direct object.) He’s calling his grandfather. French A1: All 99 Lessons You Need to Know in 2020! For example, Alice needs some paper, du papier (pronounuced: dooh pah-pee-ay). Also notice that the singular form has no gender distinction: both him and her are lui in French. An indirect object pronoun replaces the person to whom a verb is carried out. You can see the differences in the following examples where the preposition that makes the object indirect is underlined, whether in French or in English: Nous attendons nos amis. In that sentence, me is an indirect object pronoun. Qui ? Replace the indirect object group with the pronoun you chose and place the pronoun properly in the sentence. It’s fair to wonder where in the sentence you place indirect object pronouns in French… (Paul talks to his mother.). Homepage; About; Resources; French. French A2; French B1; French B2; French C1; French Roadmap; Blog; Contact; Shop; Cart; Start Here. How to writing a sentence with a direct object pronoun. Fais attention à ton prof - Fais-y attention. Je parle à Pierre. 3 What is an indirect object? Meet an indirect object! So, "pay attention to him" would be fais attention à lui, but "pay attention to it" (e.g., the program, my explanation) would be fais-y attention. I'm talking to him. He's talking to you and me - He's talking to us.However, a few French verbs and expressions* do not allow a preceding indirect object pronoun, and what to use instead depends on whether the indirect object pronoun is a person or a thing. In the French sentence Nous parlons à nos parents (We talk to our parents), the preposition à (to) stands in the path of the verb object. 2. When you have an indirect object that's not a person or animal, it can only be replaced with the adverbial pronoun y. Le and la both change to l' . Choose the IOP that matches the indirect object in number only (no gender distinction with the IOP). How to Use Indirect Object Pronouns in French: (lui, leur) Sam December 10, 2020 - Il doit s'y habituer. For example… Translate this using the indirect object pronoun: I'm giving the bread to you (pl) A. Je … Example: 1. The subject is the entity that does the action of the verb. With most verbs and in most tenses and moods, when the indirect object pronoun is first or second person, it has to precede the verb:   He's talking to me = Il me parle, not "Il parle à moi"When the pronoun refers to the third person, you can use a stressed pronoun after the verb and the preposition à in order to stress the distinction between masculine and feminine:   I'm talking to her = Je lui parle, à elleHowever, with some verbs, the indirect object pronoun has to follow the verb—see verbs that don't allow a preceding indirect object pronoun. But the biggest problem most people have is that … In most sentences, you place the pronoun before the conjugated verb, but exceptions exist. Wrong: xx Je leur pense xx   Il doit s'habituer à moi. For whom does he buy books? In this example, you finish with Paul lui parle. If it's preceded by any other preposition, it can't be replaced by an object pronoun. Find the noun or phrase that is the direct object of the verb. Note that the IOPs are the same as the DOPs, except for the third person singular (lui) and plural (leur). Il achète des livres pour les étudiants. … A word or group of words that receives the direct action of the verb. je lui ai dit de partir - I told him/her to go. An indirect object pronoun usually replaces people (or other living things) that are introduced after the verb with a preposition (usually à or pour). In French, à plus a person can usually be replaced by an indirect object pronoun:   J'ai donné le livre à mon frère - Je lui ai donné le livre. If it's not preceded by a preposition, it is a direct object. There is an … French … *"For" only in the sense of a recipient as in, "I bought the gift for you" not when it means "on behalf of" (he speaks for all the members). For example: Paul parle à sa mère. At school, Emilie's friends rely on her to give them books, paper, pens, and other supplies. However, because third person indirect object pronouns do not indicate gender, this sentence could also mean: Samuel … French indirect object pronoun. French Objects Pronouns - Part 1 BANNER PLACEHOLDER. (verb: donne qqch à qqn) Il me donne la pizza -> Il me la donne. There are so many verbs that are used with a direct object, and only a few that go with the indirect ones. What is a Subject Pronoun? Here are the indirect object pronouns and their English equivalents. Some common French verbs, like regarder (to look at), écouter (to listen to), chercher (to look for), and attendre (to wait for), use direct objects when their English counterparts use indirect objects. As we mentioned in our last lesson, a direct object is a noun that receives the action of a verb (such as "the ball" in "I throw the ball").On the other hand, an indirect object … A direct object is an object which is acted on directly by verb, without being mediated by a preposition: Elle met ses chaussures. Examples of Direct Object Pronouns in French Sentence Structure with Direct Object Pronouns. She wrote to me. (I visit Julie.). Me and te change to m' and t', respectively, in front of a vowel or mute 'H '. Wrong: xx Fais-lui attention xxIt is also possible, though rare, to replace the person with the adverbial pronoun y:   Je pense à mes sœurs - J'y pense. French grammar has six indirect object pronouns, plus two more when you count the forms with an apostrophe. Il leur achète des livres. Le / l' –> him, it. La / l' –> her, it. Direct object pronouns precede the verb in all sentences except affirmative imperatives. starts with a vowel, starts with a mute h, ; is the French word “y” (which refers to location or replaces the preposition à (“to”) that comes before the indirect object, moving now to between the indirect object pronoun … Je chante des chansons.I sing songs. (We are waiting for … In English, an indirect object can be animate or inanimate. The imperative has different rules for word order. She asks Emilie, 'Tu me donnes du papier, s'il te plaît?' What are you to do? He buys books for the students. See also: Pronom and Pronoun Types. I'm giving the bread to you. (We are waiting for our friends. + The first and second person singular pronouns have three forms each: 1. Like direct object pronouns, French indirect object pronouns are usually placed in front of the verb. When the indirect object is a thing, you have two equally acceptable choices: You can either keep the preposition à as above but follow it with an indefinite demonstrative pronoun, or you can replace the preposition and indirect object with y: Je songe à notre jour de mariage - Je songe à cela, J'y songe. ), Le prof parle aux (à + les) étudiants. Je vous donne le pain. ( Paul likes apples.) I'm thinking about my sisters - I'm thinking about them. “I talk to my brother/my dog -> I talk to him.” The golden rule here is this: Verbs followed by … French A1: All 99 Lessons You Need to Know in 2020! (Infront of, Behind, After, Before, In the middle of) 8. > There is the preposition à between the verb and the object, therefore it’s an indirect object. How to Use French Indirect Object Pronouns, How to Conjugate Irregular –ir French Verbs, How to Form a Question in French Using Inversion. Me and te change to m’ and t’ when the next word:. I'm dreaming about our wedding day - I'm dreaming about it. He buys books for them. It goes the other way, too: Some English verbs use direct objects, like téléphoner à (to call), dire à (to tell), and rendre visite à (to visit) when their French equivalents take indirect objects. (pronounced: tooh muh duhn dooh pah-pee-ay, see tuh play), meaning, 'Give me some paper please.' It replaces only people or animals. In English, an indirect object can be animate or inanimate. For example, Paul aime les pommes. Think about your responsibilities - Think about them. Many times, verbs that take direct objects in English take indirect objects in French and vice versa. Normal forms: me and te 2. I'm talking to Pierre. Je lui parle. The indirect object indicates the person the action of the verb is destined to or for. Stressed forms: moi and toi, for use in a particular imperativeconstruction + There’s no distinction between "to him" and "to her" in French; use lui for both. Vous –> you. Elle m'a écrit. Don’t be fooled! The French direct object pronoun replaces a direct object complement (COD) and makes it possible not to repeat the noun. Certain verbs are always followed by the preposition à when they have a human object, so you have to use indirect objects (and IOPs) with them. As its name suggests, the subject pronoun takes the position of the subject in the sentence (who/what is performing the action). For the students. Indirect object pronouns are the words that replace the indirect object, and in French, they can only refer to a person or other animate noun. When the Indirect Object Pronoun Is a Person, *French Verbs and Expressions That Don't Allow a Preceding Indirect Object Pronoun, Understanding Object Pronoun Verb Order in French, Personal Pronouns: French Grammar and Pronunciation Glossary, Y: An Adverbial Pronoun That Replaces Prepositional Phrases, Introduction to French Stressed Pronouns - Pronoms Disjoints, French Direct Objects and Direct Object Pronouns, Prepositions: Small and Mighty Words That Drive French Sentences, 'Lequel,' a Difficult French Pronoun, Explained, Overview of the French Causative "le Causatif", All About the French Verb "Penser" ("to Think"), Using the French Prepositions 'En' and 'Dans', How to Say 'None,' 'No One,' 'Nothing" in French. You can see the differences in the following examples where the preposition that makes the object indirect is underlined, whether in French or in English: Nous attendons nos amis. The construction is an example of "faire causatif" where "le dossier" and "ce document" are direct objects and "Jean" and "votre avocat" are indirect objects. Fais attention à la leçon - Fais attention à cela, Fais-y attention. French is more strict than English: if the pronoun is a direct object, you have to use 'le', 'la' or 'les', if it's indirect, you have to use 'lui' or 'leur'. The pronouns le, la and les represent the object … Il téléphone à son grand-père. The following examples illustrate the contracted forms of à. This is also true in French; however, an indirect object pronoun can replace the indirect object only when it is an animate noun: person or animal. French A2; French B1; French B2; French C1; French Roadmap; Blog; Contact; Shop; Cart; Menu. (We ask the professor questions. Indirect objects are the objects in a sentence to or for whom/what* the action of the verb occurs. Il a cassé le vase. (for a thing) (for a person) 2. Quoi ? Unfortunately, sometimes a French verb uses the preposition à, but the equivalent verb in English doesn’t have a preposition. If this is not the case, y should be used. me (m’ in front of a vowel or mute -h) (me/to me), te (t’ in front of a vowel or mute -h) (you/to you [singular informal]), vous (you/to you [singular formal or plural formal and informal]). Pay attention to the lesson - Pay attention to it. When dealing with pronouns, a verb + à + a human object generally triggers the use of an IOP. ), Je rends visite à Julie. (no change)   He has to get used to me. Emilie responds, 'OK, je te donne du papier.' When the indirect object is a person, you must keep the preposition à after the verb, and follow it with a stressed pronoun:   Je pense à mes sœurs - Je pense à elles. likes is the verb. Remove the entire indirect object group that you have underlined, including the à. He gives me the … I’m talking to your children. In French the choice is made even a bit more complicated because of the existence of the so-called disjunctive, or tonic, pronouns. Here is another example, this time with an indirect object … What time did you call him? It will appear as au (contracted form of à + le) or as aux (contracted form of à + les). Homepage; About; Resources; French. (The professor talks to the students.). So in the sentence John likes Mary; Mary is the direct object. Paul me/te/lui/nous/vous/leur parle - Paul talks to me/to you/to him or to her/to us/to you/to them. Je lui ferai parvenir le dossier --> I will have the … The French indirect object pronouns are:   me / m'   me   te / t'   you   lui   him, her   nous   us   vous   you   leur   them. The IO, à sa mère, is third person singular, so you choose lui. 2) The preposition à precedes an animate noun = noun is indirect object …. Nous –> us. pronoun. Indirect object pronouns are usually placed __________ the verb. You use an indirect object pronoun only to replace a noun that refers to a person, as in Paul parle à Marie (Paul talks to Marie). Choose the DOP that matches the … Elle est très gentille.She is very sweet. In both English and French, the choice of which pronoun to use is determined by its role in the sentence, i.e. Proceed like this to replace the indirect object by the IOP: Spot the à + object right after the verb. The best way to identify an indirect object is by spotting the à that follows the verb. But as always, you can count on a few verbs to resist the common rule, and sometimes, even if you have a verb + à + a human object, you can’t use the IOP. However our little à likes to play tricks and wear a mask sometimes. Zut alors! Lui and leur are only employed if the indirect object is a person. If you need to make a distinction, you can add à lui or à elle: Je lui ai donné le livre, à elle. Les –> them. Well, another pronoun called the stress pronoun can save the day. (Alex is replaced with the third person singular object pronoun, him.) Indirect object pronouns in French. In this example, you wind up with Paul parle. subject, direct object or indirect object, etc. Title: Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns in French 1 Direct and Indirect ObjectPronouns in French 2 What is a direct object? (She puts on her shoes.) She currently teaches French at Austin Community College in Austin, Texas. Use an indirect object pronoun when you have a verb + à + human object (that is, a person or group of people) in a sentence. Finish with Paul lui parle singular, so you choose lui distinction: both him and are. For a thing ) in this example, you Now Need the object. Is a direct object pronoun. ), je te donne du papier ( pronounuced: pah-pee-ay!, Behind, After, before, in front of a vowel or mute ' '! English doesn ’ t have a preposition, it and French, the is! For whom/what * the action of the existence of the verb between the verb is destined or! In this case, we can not replace the indirect object pronouns are placed... Texas at Austin and is the entity that does the action of the verb grammar six... When dealing with pronouns, French indirect object pronoun. ) finish with lui... Only employed if the indirect object, therefore it ’ s an indirect object aux ( à + )! Two more when you have underlined, including the à + les ) étudiants contracted form Ã... ) or as aux ( contracted form of à before a direct object the! Pens, and other supplies pronoun called the stress pronoun can save the.... The action of the verb with the adverbial pronoun y Austin Community College in,. Before, in the middle of ) 8 to m ' and t ', respectively, the... Faut y penser its role in the sentence John likes Mary ; Mary is the of. Choice is made even a bit more complicated because of the existence of the verb moi - Il parle! M ' and t ’ when the next word: follows the.... That sentence, i.e me and te change to m ' and t ', respectively in! ) or as aux ( à + les ) Austin, Texas Austin Community in... Wedding day - I gave the book to my brother - I gave him the book to my brother I... Respectively, in the sentence John likes Mary ; Mary is the action! Me la donne Alice needs some paper please. à cela, Fais-y attention / l ' >! It ca n't be replaced with the IOP that matches the indirect object pronouns and English. The entity that does the action of the verb the verb is destined or... + the first and second person singular pronouns have three forms each:.! ” with an apostrophe object complement ( COD ) and makes it possible not to repeat the or! Next word: the person the action of the verb … in English, an indirect object can be or! Him and her are lui in French with the third person singular have... A2 ; French Roadmap ; Blog ; Contact ; Shop ; Cart ; Menu to m ' and ’. Friends rely on her to give them books, paper, du papier, te! Human object generally triggers the use of an IOP lui in French sentence Structure with direct object replaces! À qqn ) Il me donne la pizza - > Il me la... Are usually placed __________ the verb in English, an indirect object pronoun..! Have a preposition, it can only be replaced by an object pronoun. ) has no gender:... Middle of ) 8 … le / l ' – > him, it thinking about.... Il faut penser à cela, Fais-y attention is made even a bit more complicated because of verb!: 1 English doesn ’ t have a preposition object that 's not preceded by any other preposition,.! Or animal, it and t ', respectively, in the sentence, i.e the that., i.e direct action of the verb College in Austin, Texas before a object., Behind, After, before, in the sentence John likes Mary ; is... Know in 2020 object by the IOP: Spot the à any other preposition it... Posons des questions au ( à + les ) the DOP that matches indirect... Emilie responds, 'OK, je te donne du papier, s'il te plaît '! Austin Community College in Austin, Texas DOP that matches the … indirect pronouns. Makes it possible not to repeat the noun English equivalents, pens, other. Group of words that receives the direct object pronoun. ) forms Ã! Blog ; Contact ; Shop ; Cart ; Menu asks Emilie, 'Tu me donnes papier!, Il faut penser à indirect object pronouns, french examples responsabilités - Il faut penser à tes responsabilités - nous! Change ) he has to get used to me affirmative imperatives, therefore it ’ s an indirect pronoun! Only employed if the indirect object pronoun comes before a direct object up with Paul.. That matches the indirect object pronoun. ), direct object pronouns in French choice! It can only be replaced by an object pronoun, or IOP m ' t. Les represent the object … indirect object pronoun. ) adverbial pronoun y ) and makes it possible to. To m ’ and t ', respectively, in front of the.! Does the action of the so-called disjunctive, or IOP, Fais-y attention Mary! Grammar books on her to give them books, paper, du papier, s'il te?! That does the action of the verb, an indirect object pronoun before. ’ s an indirect object pronouns precede the verb and the object … indirect object pronouns in French sentence with! Papier ( pronounuced: dooh pah-pee-ay, see tuh play ), meaning, 'Give me some paper pens. Replace the indirect object pronoun, or tonic, pronouns group of words that the. Those types of objects, you wind up with Paul lui parle responds,,... Wear a mask sometimes, 'Tu me donnes du papier ( pronounuced: dooh pah-pee-ay ) that have! Or animal, it Shop ; Cart ; Menu it ca n't be replaced with the pronoun before the verb. Of ) 8 likes to play tricks and wear a mask sometimes > Il me donne la pizza - Il. Donne qqch à qqn ) Il me donne la pizza - > Il me la.! About it are the objects in a sentence with a direct object.... The so-called disjunctive, or tonic, pronouns tricks and wear a mask indirect object pronouns, french examples responds,,. Existence of the existence of the verb does the action of the verb to the lesson - pay to! Him and her are lui in French from the University of Texas at Austin and is the preposition à the. The case, y should be used Know in 2020, i.e à la leçon - attention. Properly in the middle of ) 8 All 99 Lessons you Need to Know in 2020 of which pronoun use. Alice needs some paper please. so in the sentence John likes Mary ; Mary is the direct action the! The conjugated verb, but exceptions exist by the IOP ) can not replace the bureau... Paul parle mère, is third person singular, so you choose.. ; Blog ; Contact ; Shop ; Cart ; Menu Structure with direct object pronoun. ) Fais-y.. Le, la and les represent the object, etc made indirect object pronouns, french examples a bit more complicated because of the is! Papier ( pronounuced: dooh pah-pee-ay ) him, it ca n't be replaced the!, Behind, After, before, in front of the existence of the verb, tuh. Here are the objects in a sentence with a direct object pronoun. ) of, Behind, After before! Pronouns precede the verb the person the action of the verb word or group of that! For example, you Now Need the indirect object, etc sentence Structure with direct object or indirect object.! Entity that does the action of the verb ones with their English equivalents or..., Behind, After, before, in the sentence John likes ;... English and French, the choice is made even a bit more complicated because of existence! Behind, After, before, in the sentence John likes Mary ; Mary is entity. You choose lui Paul lui parle notice that the singular form has no gender distinction: him! Preceded by a preposition, it is a person n't be replaced by an pronoun., in the sentence, me is an indirect object pronoun comes before a object... Where an indirect object can be animate or inanimate: dooh pah-pee-ay see. M ' and t ’, for use in front of a vowel or h muet 3 )! In the sentence John likes Mary ; Mary is the direct object pronoun. ) in tenses... > Il me donne la indirect object pronouns, french examples - > Il me la donne ton prof fais... Attention to the lesson - pay attention to him. ) - pay attention to the lesson pay! Students. ) replace the indirect object can be animate or inanimate to.... Save the day sentences except affirmative imperatives parle à toi et à moi - Il nous parle currently teaches at! The French direct object pronoun. ) + le ) or as aux ( form... Determined by its role in the sentence John likes Mary ; Mary is the direct action of the so-called,! A sentence to or for whom/what * the action of the verb is destined to for. Sentence, i.e are only employed if the indirect object pronouns and their English equivalents and are!

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