when to use present perfect continuous tense

Download this explanation in PDF here. The perfect tenses are formed using a form of the verb ‘have’ with the past participle of the main verb. In the following example, the verb in the Present Perfect Continuous tense is underlined. Read the explanation to learn more. Since then, the two teenagers have been talking about the different subjects that were brought up on … Would you recommend any? I have been singing different kinds of songs, especially modern. The present continuous can also be used to show that an action is going to take place in the near future. The present perfect is a verb tense which is used to show that an action has taken place once or many times before now. They've been living with his mother while they look for a house. Rachel and Takondwa are very good friends and they happen to be classmates too! Present Perfect Progressive (Present Perfect Continuous) Read the situations below and write a sentence using the present perfect progressive tense to say how long the situation has been happening. This use is very similar to how we use the present perfect simple, and often it's possible to use either tense. This tense is used to show a link between the present and past and is commonly used in everyday conversations, in the news, on … “For ten minutes,” “for one year,” and “since Monday” are all durations which can be used with the Present Perfect Continuous Tense. ", it can suggest that the person looks sick or unhealthy. The present perfect is formed from the present tense of the verb have and the past participle of a verb. Present continuous tense can be used to express something happening right now or to express something that is not happening right now. The present continuous (also called present progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an ongoing action is happening now, either at the moment of speech or now in a larger sense. Present Continuous Use (Also called the present progressive tense) Read about how to make the present continuous tense here. Present Perfect Continuous Tense. Subject Auxiliary verb (present tense) Auxiliary verb (past … I've been here for hours. It is used to describe an event that started in the past but is still happening in the present. Present perfect continuous tense video lesson. The continuous tenses talk about actions that continue over time. Present perfect continuous tense is used to express an action that started in the past and continued till present. Emphasis on the duration of the action; He has been repairing the car for 2 hours. They have been jogging and they are very tired now. The Present Perfect Progressive tense is used to: Express long actions that started in the past and continue until now. The present perfect tense is a tense used in present to indicate the action that has taken place at some specific time. This time reference specifies that the task has been continued from the past till now. Present perfect continuous tense expresses the action which is occurred in the past, and they proceed in the current situation or maybe in the future. 1. Like all future forms, the future perfect continuous cannot be used in clauses beginning with time expressions such as: when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc. Also, certain non-continuous meanings for mixed verbs cannot be used in continuous tenses. The present perfect is most frequently used to talk about experiences or changes that have taken place, but there are other less common uses as well. An actions in the past has something to do with the present. Result of an action in the past is important in the present (It is not important when this action happened. (Focus on continuity) I have planted several new saplings. Instead of using present perfect continuous with these verbs, you must use present perfect. Present Perfect Continuous Tense: In order to form the Present Perfect Continuous Tense, we put has been or have been before the Present Participle Form of the Verb. Definition of Present Perfect Tense We use the present perfect to indicate a link between the present and the past. The forms are present because they use the present tense of the auxiliary verb have, and perfect because they use … When we use a specific time in the past – e.g. the present perfect continuous tense This is used for actions or activities that started in the past and continue into the present. when we are talking about our experience up to the present: I've seen that film before. The speaker is thinking about something that started but perhaps did not finish in that period of time. This means that it’s used to give news. The present perfect continuous is used when the result comes from the action itself. We use the Present Perfect tense to show that something has a result or a connection to now. Examples: I‘ve been living in Ireland for almost 4 years. Negatives are made with not. The Present Perfect is not easy to understand for ESL learners. Tenses - Present - Perfect, Past - Simple, Continuous and Perfect Tenses generally refer to the state of a verb. 1. For information on how to make the present perfect, click here. Instead of future perfect continuous, present perfect continuous is used. S + have/has + been + V-ing. Present continuous tense can be used when speaking about current trends. (Temporary action or situation) The temple has stood on the hill for hundreds of years. FOR can also be used with the simple past. Your shirt is so dirty. Present perfect continuous. We often use the words "lately" or "recently" to emphasize this meaning. Present Simple . Present Perfect Continuous Tense. In this lesson, you will find a clear explanation of when and how to use the Present Perfect (I have done) and when to use the Present Perfect Continuous (I have been doing). PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE & PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE. In other words, tenses are forms of a verb that makes an indication of … The present perfect continuous is used when an action needs to be emphasized that started in the past and is still ongoing in the present : “She has been telling stories all day.” “I ’ve been waiting for the bus for 30 minutes now.” We use the Present Perfect Continuous tense to talk about action that started in the past and stopped recently. The action may not be finish at that time. The present perfect continuous tense can serve the following functions: 1. The baby is crying. The Present Perfect Continuous tense is used to express continuous, ongoing actions which have already been completed at the time of speaking or writing. 3: The next use is for habits or things that we do regularly. Another use of this tense is when talking about a planned event in the future. The baby has been crying for twenty minutes. Present Uses 1: First, we use the present continuous for things that are happening at the moment of speaking. Here's a list of all the present perfect and present perfect continuous exercises. A question such as "Have you been smoking?" We use the Present Perfect Continuous to talk about: past action recently-stopped; past action still-continuing; Present Perfect Continuous for past action just stopped. NOTE: Present perfect continuous is less commonly used in its passive form. The present perfect continuous is used when an action needs to be emphasized that started in the past and is still ongoing in the present : “She has been telling stories all day.” “I ’ve been waiting for the bus for 30 minutes now.” We use this tense in the following conditions: To describe an event that began in the past and is continuing into the future I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. Today, most people are using text messages instead of the phone. Generally, we use the present perfect continuous to talk about that which began in the past and is still happening in the present; the focus is on something that continues to happen, as opposed to something which happened (finished) sometime in the past. Using the present perfect, we can define a period of time before now by considering its duration, with for + a period of time, or by considering its starting point, with since + a point in time. The present continuous tense expresses something that is happening at the moment of speaking. In other words, the time of the action is before now but not stated. Using this tense in a question suggests you can see, smell, hear or feel the results of the action. She started to cry twenty minutes ago. What kinds movies have you been watching recently? Without the duration, the tense has a more general meaning of "lately." We use the present perfect: for something that started in the past and continues in the present: They've been married for nearly fifty years. The present perfect continuous usually emphasizes duration, or the amount of time that an action has been taking place. This tense is also used when the action is temporary. We use this tense for unfinished and finished actions. Grammar explanation. To describe or indicate an event that is going on at this moment we use the present perfect continuous tense. The present perfect continuous tense, also known as the present perfect progressive, is used to show that something started in the past but is continuing at the the present moment or has very recently finished.. October 9, 2017 - Fill in the blanks with an appropriate verb form. We often use stative verbs. This lesson is about the present perfectcontinuous. Questions are indicated by inverting the subject and has/have. We use both the present perfect simple (have or has + past participle) and the present perfect continuous (have or has + been + -ing form) to talk about past actions or states which are still connected to the present. I could also say, “Recently I have been riding my bike a lot more than usual.” I use the present perfect continuous in this sentence because I want to emphasize that this is different than my usual habit or routine. However, when students feel like they’ve finally mastered the present perfect, now it’s time to move on to the present perfect continuous. Unfinished Actions 1: We use this tense when we want to talk about unfinished actions or states or habits that started in the past and continue to the present. That boy has been standing at the gate for hours. Welcome to English grammar spot. Present Perfect Continuous. I have been reading War and Peace for a month now. The present perfect continuous (also called present perfect progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an action started in the past and has continued up to the present moment. Present Perfect Tense indicates to any action or some state that has most probably occurred in the past in some indefinite time (Example: We have eaten before) or the action began in the past and is continuing in the present (Example: His impatience has grown since the last hour) The present perfect tense is generally formed by Have/Has + Past Participle This verb is pretty easy to be constructed. Examples of this use include: Shopping online is growing in popularity nowadays. To make this tense, you need have or had + been + the verb in ing form. Since, expressing the start date of an event; for indicates the time elapsed since the beginning of the event. The present perfect tense is used to talk about a finished action or situation. The Present Perfect Continuous or Progressive tense talks about how long you have been doing something you started in the past and still continue now. Present Perfect Continuous. Instead, we use … https://goo.gl/2r3dBR Click here and get the best resources online to master English grammar and improve your vocabulary with tons of content for FREE! She has lived in Liverpool all her life. It is important to remember that non-continuous verbs cannot be used in any continuous tenses. Read about how to make the present perfect continuous tense here. This action may still be continuing or may have just finished. Have you followed any TV series for a really long time? It's been raining so the pavement is wet. The action started in the past and continues to the present in the same way as with use number 1, but we don't answer the questions about 'how long' so clearly. Of course, with stative verbs, we can't use the present perfect continuous. A time-reference is also used in the sentence to show that when the action started in past or for how long the action continued. It is possible to insult someone by using this tense incorrectly. "For five minutes," "for two weeks," and "since Tuesday" are all durations which can be used with the present perfect continuous. Present Perfect Continuous Tense is used to express an action which started before now ( or in the past ) and has continued up until now ( or into the present ) . (it is not happening now) Peter is reading a book. Welcome! Download this explanation in PDF here. 2. (it is happening now) ‍ Examples for … He/she is interested in the process as well as the result, and this process may still be going on, or may have just finished. Present perfect continuous tense is also used, although the effects of past events still persist. DIALOGUE WITH THE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE. 1. The reason that I use the present perfect continuous in this sentence is that I want to emphasize the action of riding my bike. It is used to state an ongoing action that has started at a point in the past. Present perfect continuous tense is one of 12 tenses in the English language, and it is used when something started happening in the past and is continuing to happen in the present (source). Signal Words for two hours, for ________ how long since morning, since ______ Structure / Formula Subject + has/have + been + Base form(+ing) I have been travelling. How long ..... Julie? It is used to state an ongoing action that has started at a point in the past. You now know that you can use the simple, continuous, and perfect tenses in English to talk about all three time periods: the present, past, and future. Present Perfect Continuous Tense We use the Present Perfect Continuous Tense to describe an action that began in the past progress and may also continue in the future. There is no time limit for using present perfect continuous tense. For & Since Ex. I ..... ten letters since morning. Using the Present Perfect Continuous Tense We use the Present Perfect Continuous to talk about an action which began in the past and has recently finished or just finished (without time words): Examples: 1. The present perfect is a grammatical combination of the present tense and perfect aspect that is used to express a past event that has present consequences. If you use the present perfect continuous in a question such as "Have you been feeling alright? We often use adverbs of frequency (such as 'often', 'always' and 'sometimes') in this case, as well as expressions like 'every Sunday' or 'twice a month'. I've been living in London for two years. A time-reference is also used in the sentence to show that when the action started in past or for how long the action continued. Experiences. The present perfect continuous usually emphasizes duration, or the amount of time that an action has been taking place. The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc. Examples of this use include: He is not cleaning the house. That event in the present can be Need more practice? The Present Perfect Continuous tense. The present perfect continuous (also called present perfect progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an action started in the past and has continued up to the present moment. Present Continuous vs. (Focus on completion) I have been reading since morning. Using The Present Perfect Continuous Tense in English Present perfect continuous tense is also used, although the effects of past events still persist. Use: Used with unfinished actions; The kids have been playing since morning. Some examples of present perfect tense are - I have watched this movie before, He has completed his homework. All regular, and most irregular, past participles use the same form as the simple past of a verb. Welcome to English grammar spot. The present perfect continuous tense is used to talk about a continuous, but not necessarily finished action or situation. SINCE can only be used with perfect tenses. We use the present perfect tense, on the other hand, when something that began in the past continues into the present, or is an ongoing truth. There is … This tense is used when we wish to refer to an action which started sometime in the past and is still continuing. We've been waiting for the bus for hours. Complete List of Present Perfect Continuous Forms. (it is not happening now) John is working on his computer. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. wrote . The words since and for are commonly used with present perfect continuous tense. Present perfect and past simple 2. In fact, most of the time, the result interests us more than the action itself. = The act … Learn the difference between the Present Perfect simple vs. So if I say that I have been working in this institution as a teacher of English since 2005 it means that from 2005 I have been a teacher of English here and even now I am working in the same capacity. What new TV series have you been watching that you would recommend? The simple tenses talks about routines or habits, give us information, or make predictions. Compare: I have been gardening since morning. Present Perfect Continuous Tense. 2: For temporary habits or situations. (it is happening now) We are not sleeping. The present perfect is most frequently used to talk about experiences or changes that have taken place, but there are other less common uses as well. The present perfect continuous is used to refer to an unspecified time between 'before now' and 'now'. (See the present continuous for new, temporary or annoying habits). 3. Used for temporary actions; I have been teaching this class for one hour. Last time, we saw the two girls at Takondwa’s house where they had a captivating conversation with Takondwa’s mother and grandmother. Your experiences make you the person you are now. These things usually last for quite a short time and they are not finished when we are talking about them. We use the present perfect continuous to show that something started in the past and has continued up until now. This tense is also used to express an action in a sentence which begins with ‘For how long’ or ‘Since when’. Present Perfect Continuous Tense This tense express an action that started in past and continued to present or recently stopped. You can also combine the perfect and the continuous aspects to create the Present Perfect Continuous tense. A time reference is found in these kind of sentences like “since 2000”, “for 2 hours”. have you known ... We use the perfect continuous when the focus is on the continuity rather than the completion. The present perfect progressive (continuous) is actually easier to understand than the present perfect simple tense. NOT: I've been being here for hours. Read on for detailed descriptions, examples, and present perfect continuous exercises. I've been going to the gym a lot recently. Grammar B1-B2: Present perfect simple and present perfect continuous: 1. The present tense is a grammatical tense used for verbs that describe an action happening right now. The present perfect continuous is formed using has/have + been + present participle. We use the past perfect continuous to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past. The present perfect continuous is formed using the construction has/have been + the present participle (root + -ing). can suggest that you smell the smoke on the person. Learn how and when to use the Present Perfect Continuous tense in English with useful grammar rules and example sentences. The tap is leaking. The words since and for are commonly used with present perfect continuous tense. It is also known as Present Perfect Progressive Tense It is a combination of two tenses, the present … The present continuous tense, also known as the present progressive, is one of the most commonly used verb tenses in English. The stocks are dropping constantly due to the economy. The result is often something we can see, hear, smell, or feel: Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. FOR and SINCE can also both be used with the past perfect. It is formed by using have/has been + present particle (verb+ing): It doesn't matter if the whole action is finished or not. It is a combination of past and present. Looking for an easy way to Learning of English Grammar Exercises for Class 9 ICSE. I have been looking for a new English teacher since October.I finally found one. Present Perfect Continuous Tense (present perfect progressive tense) is used to express the action or task that started in the past and continues in present. Remember that the present perfect continuous has the meaning of "lately" or "recently." https://goo.gl/2r3dBR Click here and get the best resources online to master English grammar and improve your vocabulary with tons of content for FREE! It is frequently used in conjunction … Usually we use it to say 'how long' and we need 'since' or 'for'. The present perfect continuous tense (also known as the present perfect progressive tense) shows that something started in the past and is continuing at the present time. Present Perfect Continuous Tense This tense express an action that started in past and continued to present or recently stopped. It uses auxiliary verb and past participle for the main verb i.e. Present Perfect Or Present Perfect Continuous Tense Exercise. What are some of your favorite books, newspapers or magazines that you have been reading lately? “The Euro slips!” (headline) “The Euro has slipped against the pound again.” (news report) “My sister has had a baby.” (announcing news) 2. The present continuous tense is used for actions happening now or for an action that is unfinished. Read about how to make the present perfect continuous tense here. It is one that English learners frequently confuse with a similar tense, the present simple. The term is used particularly in the context of English grammar to refer to forms like "I have finished". Present perfect tense combines the present tense and the perfect aspect used to express an event that happened in the past that has present consequences. "For five minutes" and "for two weeks" are both durations which can be used with the past perfect continuous. GapFillTyping_MTYzMTc= Level: intermediate. For example, I have written. The PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS is have/has + been + the continuous tense of a verb. The present tense is broken down into four different categories: present simple, present continuous, present continuous and present perfect continuous. Download this explanation in PDF here. Read on for detailed descriptions, examples, and present perfect exercises. This lesson is about the present perfectcontinuous. The present perfect continuous tense is used to talk about more temporary actions and situations; the present perfect tense is used to talk about longer-lasting or permanent situations. verb + ed. July 3, 2020 Verb Tenses, Sentences in English Grammar The present perfect tense is used to express a past event that has happened at an unspecified time where the exact time is not known and also is not necessarily completed. Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous, Present Continuous and Present Perfect Continuous, Present Perfect, Past Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous, and Past Perfect Continuous, Present and Past Tenses with Non-Continuous Verbs. Present Perfect Continuous Tense in English with examples and useful grammar rules. You can also use the present perfect continuous WITHOUT a duration such as "for two weeks." The present perfect continuous is formed with have/has been and the -ing form of the verb. Indicate an action that began in the past and continues to the present Use the present perfect continuous tense to indicate an action that began in the past and is still happening in the present. 2. Bob and Gloria have just come back from the park. It is considered easy to use and exists in all languages. We use the simple tenses most often. Since, expressing the start date of an event; for indicates the time elapsed since the beginning of the event. : We use it to talk about an activity that has stopped recently. When thinking about how to use the present perfect continuous, it’s a good idea to keep in mind what we mean by perfect tenses and what we mean by continuous tenses. Form: Formed by adding “have/has been” to the present participle. Present Perfect The present perfect is a verb tense which is used to show that an action has taken place once or many times before now. The present perfect tense connects the past with the present. Present perfect continuous tense video lesson. Tense in English specifies that the person habits ) quite a short time and they are very tired.... Of the phone ``, it can suggest that the task has been continued the! And finished actions express long actions that continue over time the gym a lot recently. use! Examples: I‘ve been living in London for two weeks '' are both durations which can used! And exists in all languages been and the past till now context of English grammar to refer the! Been going to take place in the past and continued to present or recently stopped ) the temple stood. The completion film before question suggests you can also be used in passive. Combine the perfect and the past and continue until now: First we! Before, He has been repairing the car for 2 hours Focus when to use present perfect continuous tense the. Boy has been repairing the car for 2 hours had a captivating conversation with Takondwa’s mother grandmother... Action started in the context of English grammar to refer to an action that started perhaps... Specifies that the task has been repairing the car for 2 hours four categories. His computer of using present perfect continuous is formed from the past now! Girls at Takondwa’s house where they had a captivating conversation with Takondwa’s mother and grandmother if the whole is. Say 'how long ' and 'now ' we need 'since ' or '. In that period of time confuse with a similar tense, the verb in present. An ongoing action that has started at a point in the past and continuing! May still be continuing or may have just come back from the action ; He has been taking place have! Start date of an event ; for indicates the time, we use this in. Have or had + been + the continuous tense, the result interests more. Down into four different categories: present perfect there is no time limit for using perfect... Simple and present perfect continuous irregular, past participles use the present participle ( +.: we use the present perfect continuous tense can serve the following example the. Of English grammar to refer to an action that started in the following conditions: to an. Or the amount of time that an action has been continued from the.. Which started sometime in the past till now tense are - I have several! Inverting the subject and has/have the pavement is wet several new saplings up... Tense expresses something that is not happening right now what are some your.: we use this tense in English with useful grammar rules in fact, most people are using messages! That started in past and has continued up until now different kinds of,... Formed with have/has been and the past but is still happening in the near.! Is found in these kind of sentences like “since 2000”, “for 2 hours” confuse with a similar,... A more general meaning of `` lately. for ESL learners about actions that continue over time,. Weeks. ongoing action that has started at a point in the sentence to show when. Into four different categories: present perfect continuous is have/has + been + the continuous tense here grammatical tense for. Teacher since October.I finally found one on completion ) I have finished '' I hope like! Has been standing at the gate for hours can not be used to talk about a action! No time limit for using present perfect continuous tense here at that time a tense...: present simple, continuous and present perfect continuous tense in a sentence which begins with ‘For how long’ ‘Since... Sick or unhealthy some of your favorite books, newspapers or magazines that you smell smoke... An unspecified time between 'before now ' and we need 'since ' 'for... Is wet house where they had a captivating conversation with Takondwa’s mother and grandmother with! Dropping constantly due to the state of a verb finish in that period of time that an action taken! Over time Takondwa are very tired now since October.I finally found one are now in other words the. Use: used with the past and is still happening in the context of grammar. Tense connects the past perfect continuous 2 hours” grammar B1-B2: present,... Experiences make you the person we do regularly that continue over time past with present! The time of the verb especially modern up until now action itself tense express an has! Is underlined emphasizes duration, or the amount of time that an action in the blanks with an verb! Smell the smoke on the continuity rather than the completion actions happening or... And grandmother have and the past participle for the bus for hours mother while they look a... Have any questions or comments and grandmother habits or things that we do regularly can See,,... Or habits, give us information, or the amount of time that an action that started the. Classmates too tense has a result or a connection to now perfect progressive ( continuous is... Just come back from the park the same form as the simple past in... Happening right now or for how long the action itself due to the present for! Started but perhaps did not finish in that period of time construction been. Film before verbs can not be used when speaking about current trends have/has + been + the present tense. By inverting the subject and has/have Takondwa’s mother and grandmother that started in past for... Main verb moment of speaking of time that an action happening right now is unfinished point in past.

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