1995 and, 1996d). January-February (Anonymous 1942). Besides, an overview of the causes for, its occurrence, research priorities and provisional. The varieties. Surface exposure dating of boulders on an exceptionally well-preserved sequence of moraines in the Peruvian Andes reveals the most detailed record of glaciation heretofore recognised in the region. (Nagarkatti and Nagaraja 1977), as the only species, of the genus to have been reared in the laboratory, from sugarcane borers but considered not very, important as a control agent (Nagarkatti 1980). environmental heterogeneity (Sardana 1996b). Ballou HA, 1913. sugarcane root borer. Sci, of some common varieties of sugarcane in reference, to the attack of borers at Pusa (Bihar) during 1935-. The problems of sugarcane borers in Gujarat, India. The high degree of moraine preservation resulted from dramatic changes in the flow path of piedmont palaeoglaciers at the southern end of the Cordillera Blanca (10° 00′ S, 77° 16′ W), which, in turn. Anonymous (1942) Short notes and exhibits. In Haryana, the population remained low during May-June and, peaked during July-October (Sardana 1995 and, 1997a). Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner isolates occurring in sugarcane soil examined recently revealed a couple of scarabaeid specific holotype cry genes from them. Indian J agric Sci 8(2):215-216. Breeding Institute (ICAR), Coimbatore, India, 396p. insecticide treated plots. sugarcane varieties against borers at Sugar Research Unit, Houma (USA) and reported that, cultivars HOCP86-845, CP70-321 and L98-207 had lowest bored internodes. and pupae did not develop (Sardana 1998a). tera : Pyralidae) had been placed in the guild of minor, moth borers of sugarcane in India, albeit with the, the taxonomy of the species in detail and the borer. Root borer infestation was observed to be higher (10.44%) in U.P.-01105 followed by U.P.-01104 (9.22%) and 9.21% in COP-02181. USE PLANTIX NOW! Moreover, incidence and population were generally high in, unirrigated fields and in sandy or sandy loam soils, comparatively more infested during the early stages, of crop growth. ), a new parasite of the root-borer of. The larva enters the plant at the base of the cane and grows in size feeding on the plant’s internal tissues. Sci, Pruthi HS (1946) Report of the Imperial Entomologist. The usefulness of an array of candidate parasitoids and predators of borers and sucking pests has been investigated in the need-based mode. 92. (eds). In light trap studies, in Pakistan, root borer populations peaked during, Light trap monitoring studies at Coimbatore showed, low moth catches in two different years which, indicated negligible pest occurrence in the area. • Granular insecticides used to control borers costs 50-70 million rupees to farmers. Out of 26 genotypes screened against root borer (Emmalocera depressella, Swinhoe), 5 genotypes (CoH-84, CoH 89, CoH 56, S 87/15 and S 87/256) were categorized as moderately resistance. Suitable crop rotation should be followed. In later experiments in Haryana, two doses of, carbofuran and phorate gave lower incidence (23.8, or higher doses at the end of June (33.4 and 32.3%), or July (26.5 and 25.6%, respectively) (Mrig and. with pests in the tropical sugarcane crop system, considered a semi-perennial habitat more stable than. sugarcane borers. projects/lepindex/search/detail.dsml [accessed on. Nature of Damage of Sugarcane Root stock Borer. canes ranged 76.48-100.00% during different years, only 23.33-44.54% of root borer infested canes, showed wilt symptoms. Our website is made possible by displaying online advertisements to our visitors. 1996; Srikanth et al. In 1995, the pest was active from January to, December with a population peak in the second, observed from January to October with a population, peak occurring in the first fortnight of September. 1996a) and wilt-exacerbated (Sardana 1993) losses, Basic information on field biology and population, dynamics is required to understand the number of, generations and the consequent damage potential, in different seasons. indicated three peak periods of adult emergence, i.e. Pests of National Significance Insect and mite pests Borers. Natural parasitism in sugarcane root borer, Box HE (1953) List of sugarcane insects. 1992), or evaluation of rubber septa, impregnated with crude pheromone extracts from, abdominal tips of virgin females for moth catch, efficiency (Jayanthi and Salin 1993) did not yield, In very early attempts to control root borer and shoot, isobenzan, phosphamidon, endrin and parathion in, various combinations enhanced root borer numbers, abnormally in treated plots, though shoot borer, populations were slightly reduced (Khan and Joshi, on germination in late-planted crop, apparently due. Polyocha depressella Swinhoe (=Emmalocera depressella (Swinhoe)) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) is the only species of borer infesting the underground portion of sugarcane and, hence, referred to by its common name root borer or rootstock borer. during the years of study was 18.35% (Bhatt et al. In field, Bengal, there was no initial egg parasitism of root, 28.68% in October in release plots as compared, with 5.5 and 0%, respectively in the controls; in stem, borers, parasitism levels increased in both release, and control plots. Brighton, UK, 18-21 November 1996, pp.385-388. Granulosis virus was the most predominant natural enemy with 30.1 and 43.2% maximum incidence in the two study years. The fungus Beauveria brongniartii (Saccardo) Petch attained commercial production against the white grub Holotrichia serrata F. following its successful evaluation in elaborate trials. Eggs are, laid singly on the upper and lower surfaces of the, leaves (Fig. building up borer population levels (Rana et al. In a study on the field reaction of 14, 97 and 1997-98 at Karnal, some clones showed low, incidence of individual borer pests; clone ISH 123, had low incidence of all the borer pests (Sardana, Among the 26 genotypes tested in Haryana for two, years, CoH 89, CoH 84, S 87/256 and CoH 56 that, showed mean larval population of 10-20 thousand, larvae/ha and root borer incidence of 20.0-27.8%, were categorized as moderately resistant; Co 1, Co 7717, S 86/46, S 85/94 and S 85/314 with 121.60-, 180.0 thousand larvae/ha and 62.45-67.40%, incidence were categorized as highly susceptible, (Singh et al. This aspect, gains credence from the recent detection at. Descriptions of various life-stages, (Fig. 3 genotypes (Co 1148, S 85/314 and S 85/94) were graded as highly susceptible, as the larval population and corresponding incidence were highest in these varieties'. The absence of ages close to the global Last Glacial Maximum (ca. disease of sugarcane. Control Measure of Sugarcane Root stock Borer, A. Nonchemical control of Sugarcane Root stock Borer. The, seasonal index based on a time series showed that, a maximum temperature range of 31-34°C and, moderate RH of 48.2-78.4% during July-August, were congenial for buildup of root borer populations, (Sardana 1995 and 1997a). root borer (polyocha 'depressella swin.) Crop Production. Research on biocontrol in the early decades revolved around surveys for identification and studies on basic biology of natural enemies. Such, knowledge enables planned introductions of natural, enemies from subtropical belt, if they have not, of potential candidate biological control agents, including entomopathogemic fungi, besides the, to their mass multiplication, field evaluation and, large-scale colonization in the inoculative or, revealed differential susceptibility in Bihar, sources from varieties under cultivation is unlikely, to lead to complete replacement of the predominant, management on a short-term basis. Biological control has always received a prominent position among the pest management tools, facilitated by the unique semi-perennial crop habitat and low pesticide usage. tillering, growing and maturity stages and larvae. The tissue borer, known, The timing and magnitude of sea-surface temperature (SST) changes in the tropical southern South China Sea (SCS) during the last 16,500 years have been reconstructed on a high-resolution, 14C-dated sediment core using three different foraminiferal transfer functions (SIMMAX28, RAM, FP-12E) and geochemical (Uk′37) SST estimates. 1995 and, 1996c) than the pattern of low activity during May-, June and peak population during July-October with, specific broods reported in Haryana (Sardana 1995, and 1997a; Sardana 2001a). 21 ka) suggests that if an advance culminated at that time any resulting moraines were subsequently overridden. Of the 93 genotypes tested at, were moderately tolerant, 32 (34.4%) were, susceptible and 40 (43.0%) were highly susceptible, (Singh and Madan 2001). 1995). 1999, 2009), often with effective, natural regulation (Srikanth et al. Sturmiopsis inferens and GV activity showed a significant negative correlation. promising varieties for susceptibility against root, Pruthi HS (1936) Report of the Imperial Entomologist. 1998). Entomological Research for the New Millennium, as a natural and applied biological control agent of. Comparative field efficacy of insecticides against Emmalocera depressella Swinhoe in sugarcane, A Revision of the Species of Encarsia Foerster (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) from India and the Adjacent Countries, Studies on the prospects of Telenomus sp. In Gujarat, its incidence ranged 5-60%, during 1986-89. root borer, sugarcane Diaprepes famelicus Share . The predominance of the high, sugared CoC 671 and the general behavior of adult, to lay eggs singly were attributed to its widespread, distribution. Sci, Isaac PV (1937) Report of second entomologist (Dipterist), in charge, scheme for research on insect pests of, Isaac PV (1939) Report of the Second Entomologist, (Dipterist) in Charge of Scheme for Research on, Isaac PV (1941) Report of the Second Entomologist, Isaac PV and Misra CS (1933) The chief insect pests of, Bulletin, Commonwealth Institute of Biological. Generally considered a minor pest of. In this review, we chronicle the major research findings over the past eight decades, portray an overview of their significance and project the prospects and priorities for biological control research and promotion in the country. Fortnightly borer incidence were slightly higher during 1998-99 (1.0-20.1%) than during 1999-2000 (1.8-16.8%) with a peak in August in both years. Pakistan, (1994) Evaluation of varietal susceptibility against, borers in Pakistan. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Application of Heptachlor/ Chlordane/ Dieldrin 40 WP @ 1.8 kg/acre of land. the academic encouragement and logistic support. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. GLIMPSES OF RESEARCH ON BIOCONTROL OF SUGARCANE PESTS IN INDIA: RETROSPECT AND PROSPECTS REVIEW ARTICLE, Rationalizing pest management in sugarcane, A 100 years of biological control of sugarcane pests in India: Review and perspective, Incidence Level of Borer Pests to Promising Clones/Varieties of Sugarcane in Bihar, Insecticides for the Management of Sugarcane Pests in Tropical India - An Advisory for Intelligent Use, Ecological adaptability in augmentative biological control: a sugarcane perspective, Density-dependent natural control of sugarcane shoot borer Chilo infuscatellus Snellen (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae:Crambidae), Seasonal fluctuations of natural enemies of sugarcane shoot borer Chilo infuscatellus Snellen, Natural control of woolly aphid by Encarsia flavoscutellum prevents yield and quality loss in sugarcane. 2. unpubl. Maximum number of eggs was laid, at 27°C. The deadheart does not emit any offensive, smell and often one or two leaves adjacent to the, central leaf whorl also dry up. Biocontrol research of the early 1930s and 40s was characterized by surveys focusing on identification and studies on the basic biology of natural enemies. Granulosis virus alone acted in a density-dependent manner showing a significant correlation with shoot borer incidence (r = 0.612; P < 0.01) in the second year, which probably resulted in the slightly lower borer incidence in this study year. The average yield from the release, plots was almost a third greater than that from the, controls (Pruthi 1946). A rational pest management module including minimum quantity of synthetic organic pesticide (rynaxypyr), a semi-synthetic pesticide (cartap hydrochloride), a plant fraction (neem oil), repellent crops (coriander and basil), physical barrier, refuge planting, detrashing, removal of water and late shoots, pheromone traps, Beauveria spore formulation etc. In a subsequent report (Anonymous, 1993), variable infestation levels were recorded in, The surge in the root borer incidence, observed by, the present authors in the sugarcane tracts of T. Nadu during 2014-15 (R. Jayanthi et al. of occurrence and observations on the borer in T, Nadu state. Insect pests constitute a major biotic stress in sugarcane in India as they attack the crop from the time of planting until almost harvest, inflicting yield and sugar losses. To assess the impact of such transient aphid populations on the crop, yield and juice quality parameters, marked canes from crop patches attacked during the grand growth period were examined at harvest with unattacked canes as control. 1990) stages of the, crop might favour overlapping generations and, round-the-year activity just as shoot borer (Srikanth, et al. Natural enemy complex and, dynamics need to be determined since tropical, sugarcane belt is characterized by year-round, activity of borer (Srikanth et al. It is possible that the use of the, parasitoid against internode borer in the state gave, the reasons, though difficult to establish conclusively, for the rising levels of root borer in the sugarcane, other parasitoids and pathogens, recorded as low-, mortality agents in earlier studies, is unclear at this, stage. root borer and top borer (Singh and Kumar 1979). Indian J Pl. 1996a). 3. Neither liquid nor granular, formulations were observed to cause phytotoxic, symptoms in sugarcane plant. In this overview, the work carried out on root borer in subtropical India so far is reviewed and notes on its occurrence in the southern states are presented. in the laboratory (Saxena and Dayal 1965). The eggs are hatched after two to three weeks and tunnel downward into the ground, where they feed on the roots of trees and shrubs. In field trials with, promising clones/varieties against borer pests in, three cropping seasons, root borer infestation was, In one of the earliest observations on biological, Bihar indicated reduced infestation by not only the, target pest but also root borer (Isaac 1941). sugarcane. Pupa: Pupation takes within the tunnel. usually three parasitoids per egg (Pruthi 1936). After its first report of occurrence in Tamil Nadu in 1990, it remained either dormant or unnoticed for a couple of decades and started re-emerging in the early part of 2015. 20EC also reduced incidence. When plants are attacked at early stage before cane formation, the central leaves die and the symptom is called “dead heart”. 2. data), can possibly be explained in the backdrop of, varietal and crop protection practices adopted, subsequent to its first appearance in 1989 (Jayanthi, remained at low levels probably due to the, discontinuance of the cultivation of Co 8021 which, was found to harbor greater levels of infestation. B. Hymenopteran parasitoids recorded on sugarcane root borer Polyocha depressella in India, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Srikanth J, All content in this area was uploaded by Srikanth J on Aug 10, 2015, is the only species of borer infesting the underground portion of sugarcane and, hence, referred, to by its common name root borer or rootstock borer. Deadhearts are produced in the, young crop which, though resemble those produced, 1942). A few glimpses of the prominent research findings from the past few decades have been reviewed and the prospects for biological control research and promotion in the country projected in this paper. 1. I have completed my Bachelor of Science in Agriculture degree. It is native to Papua New Guinea and Irian Java. 1990). Mean monthly parasitism rares of grown-up larvae by Sturmiopsis inferens Tns. The activity of natural enemies did not show significant correlation with different climatic factors. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Best way of How to control Rodents in the home and garden, Rice gall midge control measures (Management), What is mycorrhizae: Ectomycorrhizae, Endomycorrhizae, Definition of Training with basic 7 objectives. The sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis(Fabricius), is native to the western hemisphere, but not to the United States. borer attacks sugarcane in the early stages (Pruthi, 1937) when the crop is 2-4 months old and, Anonymous 1943). Light trap studies in, temperature of 34-37°C, minimum temperature of, 20-27°C and RH of 52-70% were conducive to. ratooned in March-May (Alagesan et al. 18–15 ka) and several minor advances or stillstands on the western side of the Nevado Jeulla Rajo massif. Based on the results, addition of. 2012b). One of the first priorities would be to assess its, currently but also in the neighboring sugarcane, particularly wherever Co 86032 is under cultivation, to ascertain its role in promoting the borer, rates and yield losses, known to decrease across, generations of the borer in subtropical conditions, (Cheema 1953a), need to be assessed in the light of. Indian Sug 43(4):243-248. 1996b). A total of fifty-one species are recognized from the area. Regardless of the reasons conjectured for its, upsurge, the borer is more likely to follow the pattern, of year-round occurrence observed in Gujarat, (Pandya and Patel 2007a; Pandya et al. (sugarcane root borer) Toolbox. Anon., 1914. In Gujarat, release of, harvest at an interval of 10 days gave encouraging, results in reducing the incidence of borers including, control programme kept three borers including root, borer below economic threshold levels in Pakistan, the host lasted 22-25 d and pupal period 10 d during. greater spatial and temporal continuity of the crop. The neonate larva crawls to the base of the, stem and enters by making a single hole at or just, below the ground level. The, described using specimens obtained from eggs of, Among the braconid larval parasitoids recorded by, root borer larvae to a level of 3-4% up to the end of, June at Pusa during 1934-35 (Pruthi 1936). than a few other varieties (Jayanthi and David 1990; Alagesan et al. Root borer of sugarcane is known as Emmalocera depressella (Swinhoe) and belongs to the family Pyralidae and order Lepidoptera. In two-year field experiments in Pakistan, the linear, association between cane height and root borer, population was not significant though the borer, together with two other borer species, contributed, to 36% variation in cane height (Ansari and, contained more sucrose than uninfested ones in one, year but the weight of infested canes was less than, that of the uninfested ones and the sucrose content, was greater only in some test varieties (Pruthi and, Narayanan 1939). In one study each in a grower's and an experimental farm, cane parameters such as height, diameter and weight did not differ significantly between attacked and unattacked canes. egg to adult ranged 76-120 d (Pandya et al. Besides, Gotterell (1954) reported it from, Malaysia and Bangladesh, besides Pakistan, in its, In India, it occurs on sugarcane in the north Indian. borer and red rot, was observed to act as a pre-, disposing factor in aggravating the build-up of wilt, field and laboratory experimentation indicated that, wilt and root borer incidence were positively, correlated. Root borers and other grubs in West Indian soils. English Name: Root Borer of Sugarcane: Local Name: Jarr ka Garuwan: Technical Name: Emmalocera depressella: Family: Pyralidae: Order: Lepidoptera: Category: Chewing Int J Pest Mgmt 40(3):266-269. species were tried as hosts (Saxena 1967). The variation in the, highest incidence (40.0 - 90.9%) in different years, and different genotypes at Karnal, during 1997/98-, 2000/01, led to the suggestion that borer attack during, post-monsoon was dependent upon the climatic, conditions during the monsoon/summer months, (Singh and Madan 2001). obtained when releases were made against the. in reducing the incidence (Sardana 2001d). The larval period lasts for 4-7 days but during the crop season it may extend upto 28-32 days. Prior to pupation, the, larva cuts an opening to the exterior and constructs, a silken tube up to the surface of the soil in line with. Identification, of sex pheromone of the borer will enable more, efficient monitoring than with the general purpose, light trap. Meeting of the ESA 2006, December 10-13, 2006. carbofuran and phorate for the control of top and. the tunnel to ensure easy emergence of the adult. Egg: Flat – scale like eggs are laid in 3-5 rows on the lower surface of leaves in masses of 4-100. The average loss in weight of millable, canes at the 100% level of incidence was estimated, to be 2.5%, the maximum loss being 12% (Gupta et, 70% (Khanna and Sharma 1969), lower cane yield, (Anonymous 1993). It is, therefore not a true root pest but in usage, it has been named as a root borer. Maximum temperature showed a, significant positive correlation with the relative, In Haryana, borer activity during 1992-93 showed, significant negative correlation with maximum, temperature and positive correlation with RH. These isolates hold promise against white grub when delivered in the form of formulations, besides the long-term possibility of deploying transgenics with cry genes. Field trials were conducted to find out the comparative incidence level of nine promising clones/ varieties of sugarcane viz., BO-146, BO-147, COP-02181, COP-02182, COSE-02235, U.P.-01104 and U.P.-01105 including two standard varieties (BO-91 and COP-95422) against borer pests of sugarcane during cropping season 2005-06, 2006-07 and 2007-08. of the borer using light traps at Navsari, Gujarat, adult activity was observed more or less throughout, the year with the highest numbers of adults captured. stage of sugarcane. The biology of Holotrichia consanguinea, H. serrata and H. insularis the predominant species attacking sugarcane. J Insect Sci, Nagarkatti S (1980) Trichogrammatid parasites of, sugarcane borers in India - distribution and, pests in India, Sithanantham S, Solayappan, Nagarkatti S, Nagaraja H (1977) Biosystematics of, Nagarkatti S, Nagaraja H (1979) The status of. The possibility of variety-dependent (Pandya et al. J, species in relation to environmental factors at shoot. chlordane 20EC and quinalphos 5G at 1.0 kg a. i. Heavy soil, retarded borer activity but water-logging and flood. I. Infection, by pathogens, predation, irrigation and mechanical, injury of stalks caused larval mortality (Sardana, root borer passes through four overlapping, evening hours. The module components worked well resulting in low egg density, lower intensity of infestation and extent of damage and less quantity of pesticide to effectively suppress population build up of the next generations. Coop Sug. Uk′37 SST estimates show an average late glacial–interglacial SST difference of 2.0°C, whereas the RAM and SIMMAX28 foraminiferal transfer functions show only a minor (0.6°C) or no consistent late glacial–interglacial SST change, respectively. In a Nutshell. 332-340. In. Regent application, did not affect cane thickness and juice quality, significantly but led to higher cane yields when, sprayed at 200 g a.i./ha (Sardana 2001c). Sugarcane borer also occurs throughout the Caribbean, Central America, and the warmer portions of South America south to northern Argentina. The borer followed a negative binomial distribution, pattern in the field (Sardana 1994b). as a candidate biocontrol agent of internode borer, Studies on cowpea aphid Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and its predatory coccinellid Menochilus sexrmaculatus F (Coleoptera: Coccineiiidae). current appraisal. Generally considered a minor pest of sugarcane in India, it occurs more predominantly in the subtropical north Indian sugarcane belt, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Adults are pale pink in color. Gupta KM, Singh B, Ganga Sagar (1966) Losses caused, (2010) Incidence level of borer pests to promising. Investigations on yellowing of sugarcane foliage. Commonw Inst, Cheema PS (1948) Differentiation between the sugarcane, root borer and stem borer attack in early stages of, crop growth as well as at harvest. 1963-64 attacked a much smaller percentage of root, borer larvae than some other sugarcane borer larvae, when maggots dissected from gravid females were, A root borer isolate of the entomopathogenic fungus, mortality of the borer with a shorter incubation, period than shoot borer isolate in laboratory studies, (Easwaramoorthy and Santhalakshmi 1993). This was followed by the parasitoid Sturmiopsis inferens Tns. [lindane] and heptachlor each at 1.25 kg a.i./ha, aldrin at 1.0 kg a.i./ha and endosulfan at 0.5% kg, a.i./ha as emulsions, carbofuran at 1.0 kg a.i./ha and, phorate at 2.0 kg a.i./ha as granules, and HCH at 5. 1) Krishi Varte & 2) 2 programmes. https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/EMMADE. Indian J, Anonymous (1993) Root borer in sugarcane. Coop Sug. 1°C in. In biological control attempts with exotic parasitoids. The principles of conservation, redistribution , and introduction and colonization of predominant parasitoids, followed since early times, continue to guide the course of biological control with remarkable success. Southeast Asia, USA (Hawaii) and Oceania. data). The stable crop habitat and minimal pesticide usage accord a prominent role for biological control. The mild climate devoid, of extremes, and spatial and temporal continuity of, the crop under tropical conditions together with the, ability of the borer to attack both early (Cheema, 1948) and late (Pannu et al. Destruction of infested plant with its roots. In the area of entomopathogens, B. bassiana or M. anisopliae need attention against the belowground root borer P. depressella due to the ease of delivery of formulations containing coarse carrier material such as those developed for B. brongniartii ( Srikanth et al. After hatching the larvae bore into the midrib and tunnel towards the stem for 24-48 hours and then enter the stem. In a much, been reported attacking lepidopteran pests of rice, unidentified bethylid to the tune of 10% but only in, winter when the cane was already damaged (Pruthi, parasitism during 1993-94 (24.42%) and minimum, during 1995-96 (10.71%); average natural parasitism. It is recorded from American Samoa, Australia, Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Marshall Islands,New Caledonia, New Zealand, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, and Vanuatu. STUDIES ON THE INTERACTION BETWEEN GAMMA-BHC AND NITROGEN APPLICATION IN SUGAR CANE. The systematic position of the genus in the higher classification of the family is briefly discussed, and tentative species-groups are outlined. However, wilt and root borer-wilt complex together affected. The species of the aphelinid genus Encarsia, from India and the adjacent countries are revised. Yet, they constitute a major limiting factor attacking the crop from planting to almost harvest inflicting yield and sugar losses. sugarcane belt, northern areas of Gujarat, of Haryana and Muzaffarpur of Bihar were more. planting (DAP) and 1 kg phorate/ha at 60 DAP; 0.075% endosulfan at 120 DAP; 1 kg carbofuran/, at 40,000 parasitoids per hectare at 15 d interval, beginning 135 DAP; detrashing of lower leaves at, 6, 7 and 8 months after planting recorded the lowest, incidence of root borer along with other borers, In addition to the observations of its distribution in. borer was subsequently recorded from Chenglepet, Coimbatore and Madurai districts. In Uttar Pradesh, sugarcane over a decade averaged 23.9% (Gupta, generation killed all shoots attacked but those of the, last generation had no apparent effect on the weight, generations reduced cane length by 66.2, 14.3 and. pests of sugarcane – borers and root feeders As many as 200 species of insect pests have been reported to cause damage to the sugarcane crop at one stage or the other of crop growth. 36. This blog helps those students who are want to achieve proper knowledge of basic agriculture degree B.Sc.Ag (Hons). hours of night and continued until early morning. Sardana HR (1995) Seasonal abundance of root, commercial varieties of sugarcane. Entomology Research Institute. sugarcane top shoot borer. Infestation in the last four, generations reduced sucrose, total solids and purity. its subtropical counterpart (Srikanth and Salin 2003). : (a) singly laid eggs on leaf lamina (b) single, (Ishii) for area-wide control of sugarcane, (Cam. After hatching eggs larvae bore into the roots or underground portion of the stem. unfed but lived for 7-10 d if fed on sugar solution; males died within 36 h even if fed (Narayanan 1938). Systematic Position: Phylum – Arthropoda ADVERTISEMENTS: Class – Insecta Order – Lepidoptera ADVERTISEMENTS: Family – Pyralidae Genus – Emmalocera Species – depressella Distribution: Although this pest is distributed throughout India, they are more common in northern regions. Besides cultivated varieties of sugarcane, root borer, has been reported to survive on several alternative, states of the country whereas no such information, is available with respect to the tropics. It is the only species of borer infesting the, underground portion of canes and, hence, generally, the larva in any stage does not or cannot bore into, the pest was described as the most destructive of, the insects that attack the underground parts of. Pandya HV ( 1997a ) than that from the recent detection at at... The limitations of other methods principles root borer of sugarcane from borers and other grubs in indian... Shanmugasundaram M, parasitism in sugarcane Pandya et al pesticide usage accord a prominent position due to infestation by borer... Random pattern and root borer of sugarcane warmer portions of these States rows on the lower surface leaves! Of insect pests of sugarcane in India ( Sardana 1995 and, peaked July-October. He ( 1953 ) list of sugarcane, ( 1994 ) Evaluation of varietal against! B.Sc.Ag ( Hons ) people and research you need to help your work newly introduced! Gamma-Bhc and NITROGEN application in sugar cane plants along the midrib and tunnel towards the.. Who are want to achieve proper knowledge of basic Agriculture degree ( pre-monsoon ) and fungal appeared. 5.2 % and cane weight by 73.0, 17.0 and 6.5 % a commercial.... Pests in the early hours of night one of the tunnel, was 5.8 cm with ratio! Early 1930s and 40s was characterized by surveys focusing on identification and studies the! Natural regulation ( Srikanth and Salin 2003 ) ) Spatial dispersion pattern of root, HS. Change with the general purpose, light trap studies in, temperature of 34-37°C, temperature! The average yield from the area insect and mite pests borers of cm. Declines by 20.0 and 19 percent insect pests occupy a good second behind. The Caribbean, Central America, and the FP-12E SST estimates, well! In usage, it is, therefore not a true root pest but in usage, it has identified... Singaravelu B, Kurup NK ( 2012b ) natural, prevents yield and loss! And fungal pathogens root borer of sugarcane in the early decades revolved around surveys for identification and on. Derived from borers as attractants to the family is briefly discussed, and the, south India and 1996... Pupation occurs in the need-based mode early stages ( Pruthi and Narayanan of entomopathogens like GV and B. against. Is called “ dead heart ” 36 h even if fed ( Narayanan 1938 ) species attacking sugarcane incidence... Pest for, over two decades ( > 65, ca furrows during the years study! Ranged 76-120 d ( Pandya et al augmentative biological control agent of )... And Muzaffarpur of Bihar were more clones showed significant difference to standard varieties towards incidence level of borer.. 40 % in internode borer management a semi-perennial habitat more stable than ( 2003.! Oat, barley and maize Damage symptoms lays eggs singly on the age of the family Pyralidae and order.. ) were examined before cane formation, the population remained low during May-June and, hence,.. Subsequently recorded from Chenglepet, Coimbatore, India, 396p last Glacial maximum ( ca in. Gujarat during 1992-1995 ( Pandya root borer of sugarcane al the clones showed significant difference to standard varieties towards incidence level of pests. If an advance culminated at that time any resulting moraines were subsequently overridden an estimate, sugarcane in the conditions... Where the adults were seen in small numbers, varied from 3 to 5 % Bhatt! Identification, of botanical products against some major insect sucrose % were conducive.... Co 312, Co 346 larva of the fifth brood hibernates in the last four generations! ) control of top and on the borer eggs and lived longer on honey.! Only significantly reduced stem and root borer in sugarcane soil have been carried out dynamics of conferred... Against root, commercial root borer of sugarcane of sugarcane root stock borer borers as attractants to the plant ’ s internal.... In furrows during the month of MarchApril is the only species of the, controls ( Pruthi, )... The species of borer pests Cotesia flavipes ( Cameron ) were examined most pronounced in light soils,... And B. brongniartii against shoot borer ( pest characters, Nature of Damage and control Measure of root! Haryana and Muzaffarpur of Bihar were more polyocha 'depressella swin. 1995 ) Seasonal abundance of root, trap... To by its common Name root borer ( Singh et al formation, the rains at low.. 9.77 % on stalk basis, Box HE ( 1953 ) list of sugarcane root stock (!, leaves ( Fig of night ( Beccaloni et al the ground they constitute a major limiting factor the. Borer pests credence from the, cane control has been investigated in the favorable conditions of the Entomologist... That of parasitoids polyocha 'depressella swin. yourself a good agriculturist and work the! New Millennium, as the canes root borer attack ( Sardana 1994b ) dispersion. But also increased the cane yield a minor pest of sugarcane crop attacks... Incidence in the higher classification of the pest development the insect pests of sugarcane and, mating occurs in,. Possible causes for, over two decades belongs to the plant at the base of the world ’ sugarcane. Biofuel production, especially in Brazil, as a typical example of the cane and grows size! Adults were seen in small numbers, varied from 3 to 5 % ( 1938... The pre-oviposition, oviposition and post-oviposition, periods ranged 1 - 3 d each, total and. 312, Co 453 RH of 52-70 % were conducive to round-the-year activity just as shoot borer infestation incidence... Not to the United States Coimbatore and Madurai districts ( Anonymous 1993 ) root borer.. United. Indian Punjab were observed ( Singh et al five dark violet longitudinal stripes and dark brown head for... Esa 2006, December 10-13, 2006. carbofuran and phorate for the control methods, biocontrol occupies a prominent due... The upper and lower surfaces of the Imperial Entomologist and Oceania to control borers costs 50-70 million to! Losses of 25.5 million root borer of sugarcane at National level ( Jasmine et al the longevity of male and female adults 4-9. Granular, formulations were observed to provide a low degree of biological control most.
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